Adoption can be a fantastic, happy time for families who are looking to grow. However, it's important to know that adoption can be a lengthy, complex process with many legal requirements and guidelines. Understanding how these laws work is important because it can help the process go much more smoothly. For this reason, it's almost always a good idea to seek the services of an experienced adoption attorney.
TYPES OF ADOPTION
Stepparent Adoption: When one person wants to adopt their spouse’s child from a different partner. If both birth parents consent, this can be a simple procedure. If consent is not granted, an attorney is necessary because of the time and paperwork involved.
Relative Adoption: When a child’s relative steps forward to adopt, usually in the case of grandparents, aunts, or uncles in the aftermath of the birth parents’ death or incapacitation. This process is usually much easier than other forms of adoption.
Agency Adoption: Involves public or private agencies regulated by the state and licensed to place children with adoptive parents.
Independent Adoption: Direct arrangements between birth parents and adoptive parents, often with a third-party go-between like a doctor or clergy member. An attorney can be helpful here due to the large amount of paperwork.
Identified Adoption: A mix of independent and agency adoptions. Adoptive parents find a willing set of birth parents, and then both parties petition an adoption agency to control the rest of the process.
International adoption: The most complex type of adoption because you must satisfy state laws related to adoption as well as those of the host country. For international adoptions, you must obtain an immigrant visa for the child. International adoption more or less requires the use of an agency because it is such a complex process. Many adoptive parents choose to use U.S. agencies that specialize in this type of adoption.